News World Relations between Ukraine and NATO, increasingly close

Relations between Ukraine and NATO, increasingly close

Relations between Ukraine and NATO, increasingly close

Ukraine applies to join NATO in Lithuania. Photo: AFP

Ukraine’s candidacy to join NATO, which will be one of the central issues of the Atlantic Alliance summit to be held next Tuesday and Wednesday in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuaniais preceded by a recent history of almost 30 years, when the world was adjusting to the dissolution of the USSR.

The relationship between the two over the years

Ukraine, independent since the end of 1991 after the end of the Soviet Union, adheres on February 8, 1994 to the so-called Association for Peacea NATO program that offers military collaboration to former Eastern Bloc countries.

In December 1994Ukraine renounces its nuclear status by signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and, in return, the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom grant it security guarantees, including respect for its territorial integrity.

July 9, 1997Ukraine and NATO strengthen their relations with a “specific partnership letter” that provides for greater technical and military collaboration, reported AFP.

By May 23, 2002Ukraine announces that it is beginning a “historic” process to join NATO, for which patience and continuous reforms are required.

Without outright opposing it, Russian President Vladimir Putin reiterated his hostility to the Alliance’s eastward expansion.

Since 1999three former USSR satellites Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic joined NATO, followed by another seven in 2004

Volodomir Zelensky, President of Ukraine. Photo: AFP

In April 2008when the Bucharest summit was held, the leaders of the NATO countries reject in Hungary the status of official candidate for Ukraine and Georgia, despite the “firm support” of the president of the United States, George W. Bush.

However, the organization is committed to welcoming them in the long term.

March 18, 2014then NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen criticizes Russia’s “illegal and illegitimate” annexation of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula, warning that “NATO allies will not recognize it.”

NATO considers that the annexation of the peninsula constitutes a “threat to the security and stability of Europe since the end of the Cold War”, which is why it decides to strengthen its cooperation with Ukraine.

In mid 2014, kyiv relaunched the Alliance accession process interrupted in 2010 by the then pro-Russian government and which Moscow considers unacceptable.

Rasmussen leaves the door open, but without a clear schedule.

Russian bombing of Ukraine Photo AFP
Russian bombing of Ukraine. Photo: AFP

already in 2022Following the Russian military invasion of Ukrainian territory, which began on February 24, the head of the Ukrainian government, Volodimir Zelenski, requests “unrestricted military assistance” from NATO countries, which send him arms and ammunition.

September 30th, After Russia claimed the annexation of four Ukrainian regions, Zelensky requests an “accelerated” accession process to NATO.

in May 2023the Ukrainian president admits that this step is “impossible” before the end of the conflict, but asks for a “clear signal” to join the Alliance later.

Last Sunday, the president of the United States, Joe Biden, was adamant about his rejection of Ukraine’s accession: “We would be at war with Russia, if that were the case,” he exclaimed.



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