News World More than 4,000 people have died during four months of war in...

More than 4,000 people have died during four months of war in Sudan

More than 4,000 people have died during four months of war in Sudan

The violence that broke out in Sudan four months ago between the Army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) has already left more than 4,000 dead and a large number of abuses that, according to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Turk, can be considered as war crimes.

The victims not only include those who are actively involved in the fighting, but also hundreds of civilians, including 435 children and 28 medical and humanitarian workers. Although the UN estimates that the number is much higher because the intensity of the fighting prevents any type of identification of victims. The organization has also warned of arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances.

Food insecurity already affects 25 million people and at least 700,000 children are in an extreme situation. Displaced persons and refugees fleeing violence are also vulnerable to other types of abuse. Especially the women. Volker Turk claims to have reports of at least 73 victims of sexual violence, with at least 19 of those cases involving men wearing RSF uniforms.

Streets littered with corpses

The combat has generated the destruction of homes, schools and hospitals, and has also caused the suppression of basic services such as water or electricity. Last week, the NGO Save The Children warned about the thousands of corpses decomposing in the streets of Khartoum and its surroundings, “since the morgues are saturated by electricity cuts.” “The impossibility of giving a dignified funeral to those who die increases the suffering of families in Khartoum,” the capital of the country, said the director of Save the Children’s health division, Bashit Kamal Eldin Hamid.

In addition, for months, various NGOs have warned about the risk of flooding caused by the constant rains and the lack of adequate sanitation facilities; stagnant waters can spread epidemics of malaria, dengue fever or cholera that the World Health Organization (WHO) has already detected in various regions.

Torrential rains have destroyed more than 450 homes in northern Sudan

AFP

Urgent help for refugees

There are more than four million displaced people and refugees as a result of the Sudanese violence, according to the UN. More than 358,000 Sudanese have arrived in the border town of Adré, fleeing the conflict. The NGO Doctors Without Borders (MSF) assures that refugee camps are being built there, but that the accommodation and basic services available in the camps are totally inadequate to meet the needs of the people who arrive.

“We are present in three refugee camps, where approximately 2,000 refugees arrive a day,” explains Susana Borges, MSF’s Emergency Coordinator in Chad. “The fields in this area are already at full capacity, as are the temporary transit shelters. So the refugees are being moved to other places far from the city where new camps continue to be built.” “But these camps are not prepared to accommodate all the refugees who have been resettled, people are exposed to inclement sun and rain, with insufficient food, water and even kitchen utensils. There are huge needs and very few resources.”

Several Sudanese refugees look for water in Adré, in eastern Chad

Doctors without borders

Before Sudan became a fighting ground, there were already a million Sudanese living as refugees or internally displaced persons, and this latest wave from western Sudan has further strained available resources, according to MSF. For this reason, the organization calls on the international community and humanitarian organizations to urgently attend to the essential needs of people who are trying to get to safety, and thus avoid a catastrophe.

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