Also known as hypertension, the High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. so it is worth keeping an eye on their values.
The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood flowing through the arteries. The heart pumps the blood towards the aorta, from where it is distributed to other arteries that are divided until reaching all the organs, they explain from the Clinic of the University of Navarra.
If you have high blood pressure, the force that the blood exerts against the walls of the arteries is constantly very high, causing the heart has to work harder to pump blood.
The consequences of the arterial hypertension can be felt in the heart, brain or kidneys increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke or kidney disease. The risks are even greater when other processes such as hypercholesterolemia or diabetes also occur.
blood pressure values
For reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke It is essential to know the appropriate values of blood pressure. Blood pressure is measured with 2 figures. The first refers to the systolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. The second, the diastolic blood pressurerefers to the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats.
According to the values set by the American Heart Association, the blood pressure values less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered within the normal range.
The high blood pressure occurs when they oscillate constantly between 120-129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic This situation increases the chances of developing hypertension, so it would be convenient to take care of the diet and do some exercise as prevention.
Stage 1 hypertension occurs when blood pressure constantly ranges between 130-139 systolic or 80-89 mm Hg diastolic. The stage 2 hypertension, the most severe phase of high blood pressure, starts at 140/90. At these levels medications are likely to be prescribed as treatment in addition to lifestyle changes.
How to know if your blood pressure is rising
In many cases high blood pressure does not cause symptoms, so this damage can be generated in the body for years without the person being aware of it. Hence, it is convenient to have regular medical check-ups.
Sometimes they do exist signs that may reveal that blood pressure is rising. “The most classic is headache, usually accompanied by dizziness,” explains Dr. Luis Miguel García, vice president of the Aragonese Society of Family and Community Medicine in Herald.
In addition to frequent headaches, spontaneous nosebleeds, feeling restless, nervousness, feeling cold and anxious, palpitations and tremblingare other symptoms associated with hypertension.
One sign that could go unnoticed is a small hemorrhage in the eye, according to Garcia. “A small glass breaks in the eyeball, your eye is red and you think you have cut yourself, when many times the cause is a power surge“.